4 Jul 2017 / 14:07

German wines and vines. Reading the labels

How much do you know about German wine culture? Here is a small glossary to help you understand more about wines and vines from Germany.

German wines and vines. Reading the labels

How much do you know about German wine culture? Here is a small glossary to help you understand more about wines and vines from Germany.

Classification of German wines is based on the Oechsle (Oe) scale, which measures by how many grams a liter of unfermented grape must exceeds the weight of a liter of water, on the principle that the difference depends on the sugar present in the must.

Kabinett: not less than 73° Oe.

Spatlese: not less than 85° Oe (from late harvest).

Auslese: not less than 90°Oe from hand harvesting of very ripe bunches that may also be affected by Botrytis cinerea.

Beerenauslese: not less than 125° Oe from harvests based on selection of grapes (overripe) affected by Botrytis cinerea.

Trockenbeerenauslese: not less than 150° Oe, berries (botrytized, dried on the vine or overripe) selected by hand

Eiswein:not less than 125° Oe from harvests carried out at temperatures not over -7° of bunches not affected by Botrytis cinerea.

Trockendry wine with a maximum of 9 grams per liter of residual sugar

Halbtrochenor Feinherbsemi-dry wine with a maximum of 18 grams per liter of residual sugar.

VDP Gutswein: indicates vineyards at the base of the production pyramid (they must be estate-owned and respect the rigid protocols of the association).

VDP Ortswein: village wines from traditional vineyards in specific zones planted with grape varieties typical of the region.

VDP Erste Lage: designates first-class vineyards with distinctive characteristics. They provide optimal growing conditions, as evidenced over a long period of time.

VDP Grosse Lage:the very best vineyards of Germany and the source of the finest wines that reflect site-specific characteristics.

VDP Grosses Gewächs (VDP GG): dry wines obtained from VDP Grosse Lage vineyards

Prädikat: sweet and/or fruity wines from VDP Grosse Lage vineyards

Alte Reben:old vineyards

Vineyard classifications from VDP (Verband Deutscher Prädikatsweingüter), the association of German quality growers founded in 1910, the oldest in the world.

 

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